What Is The Main Cause Of Hydronephrosis?

Is hydronephrosis serious?

Severe hydronephrosis.

Left untreated, severe hydronephrosis can lead to permanent kidney damage.

Rarely, it can cause kidney failure.

But hydronephrosis typically affects only one kidney and the other kidney can do the work for both..

What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

How do you treat an enlarged kidney?

Treatment may include:Placing a stent (tube) through the bladder and ureter to allow urine to flow from the kidney into the bladder.Placing a tube into the kidney through the skin, to allow the blocked urine to drain out of the body into a drainage bag.Antibiotics for infections.More items…•

How can hydronephrosis be prevented?

Since hydronephrosis is caused by an underlying condition, prevention depends on avoiding or promptly treating the cause. For instance, the chance of developing a kidney stone may be reduced by going to a stone clinic to find out what is causing the stones and start treatment to prevent recurrence (repeating).

How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?

Hydronephrosis is usually diagnosed using an ultrasound scan. Further tests may be needed to find out the cause of the condition. An ultrasound scan uses sound waves to create a picture of the inside of your kidneys. If your kidneys are swollen, this should show up clearly.

Who is at risk for hydronephrosis?

Common risk factors in the development of hydronephrosis include renal calculi, external compression from abdominal and pelvic masses and tumors such as prostate enlargement and cancer, cervical cancer, diabetes mellitus and neurogenic bladder, congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) such as …

How do you fix hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.

What foods should I avoid with hydronephrosis?

Here are 17 foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet.Dark-colored soda. In addition to the calories and sugar that sodas provide, they harbor additives that contain phosphorus, especially dark-colored sodas. … Avocados. … Canned foods. … Whole wheat bread. … Brown rice. … Bananas. … Dairy. … Oranges and orange juice.More items…

Is drinking a lot of water good for your kidneys?

Water helps the kidneys remove wastes from your blood in the form of urine. Water also helps keep your blood vessels open so that blood can travel freely to your kidneys, and deliver essential nutrients to them. But if you become dehydrated, then it is more difficult for this delivery system to work.

What causes hydronephrosis in adults?

In adults, the conditions that most often cause hydronephrosis include: Kidney stones: Stones that may become lodged in the kidneys or urinary tract. Cancer: Tumors in the bladder, prostate gland, uterus or other organs that are part of or near the urinary tract may cause blockages that disrupt the flow of urine.

Is mild hydronephrosis serious?

If it’s left untreated for too long, this pressure can cause your kidneys to lose function permanently. Mild symptoms of hydronephrosis include urinating more frequently and an increased urge to urinate. Other potentially severe symptoms you may experience are: pain in the abdomen or flank.

What is the first sign of kidney problems?

Signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure may include: Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal. Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet. Shortness of breath.

How long does hydronephrosis last?

Kidney function will begin decreasing almost immediately with the onset of hydronephrosis but is reversible if the swelling resolves. Usually kidneys recover well even if there is an obstruction lasting up to 6 weeks.

What are the stages of hydronephrosis?

There are three stages of hydronephrosis: Mild: kidney function is slightly impacted, but the hydronephrosis typically resolves on its own. Moderate: typically no impact on kidney function, hydronephrosis symptoms will not progress. Severe: greater risk of decreased kidney function and risk of kidney damage.

What foods help with hydronephrosis?

You may need the following: A renal diet is a meal plan that includes foods that are low in sodium (salt), potassium, and protein. Your healthcare provider may also tell you to eat and drink more vegetables and juices. Stone removal may be used to remove the kidney stones that are slowing or blocking your urine flow.

What are the complications of hydronephrosis?

Complications. The most common complication of hydronephrosis is the development of a urinary tract infection (UTI). When the UTI is associated with a high fever, a kidney infection is (pyelonephritis) is suspected. This is caused by bacteria spreading from the bladder to the kidney and invading the kidney tissue.

Does hydronephrosis run families?

Minimal hydronephrosis is not genetic and is not hereditary. However, hydronephrosis may coincidentally occur in future pregnancies. If UPJ obstruction is determined to be the cause of the hydronephrosis, the chances for future children with the same obstruction may be as high as 50 percent.