What Is Fracture And Its Types?

What are the 4 types of fractures?

Types of FracturesGreenstick – Incomplete fracture.

Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.More items….

Which types of fractures are most difficult to repair?

Example: A comminuted fracture is the most difficult to repair due to the bone having fractured into numerous pieces. Multiple bone pieces require more effort to hold them together in the ideal position for healing.

What is the hardest bone to heal?

Treatments ranging from casting to surgery can be required. Unfortunately, the scaphoid bone has a track record of being the slowest or one of hardest bones to heal.

What are the 10 types of fractures?

Different types of bone fractures can be open, closed, stable, displaced, partial, or complete.Transverse Fracture. Transverse fractures are breaks that are in a straight line across the bone. … Spiral Fracture. … Greenstick Fracture. … Stress Fracture. … Compression Fracture. … Oblique Fracture. … Impacted Fracture. … Segmental Fracture.More items…•

What type of fracture takes the longest to heal?

The long, straight part of the femur is called the femoral shaft. When there is a break anywhere along this length of bone, it is called a femoral shaft fracture. This type of broken leg almost always requires surgery to heal.

What is a simple fracture?

A closed fracture is also called a simple fracture. In a closed fracture, the broken bone doesn’t break your skin. An open fracture is also called a compound fracture. In an open fracture, the ends of the broken bone tear your skin.

How many types of fracture are there?

In this article we look at the three primary types of fractures: open, closed, and displaced fractures.

What are 2 types of fractures?

There are many types of fractures, but the main categories are displaced, non-displaced, open, and closed. Displaced and non-displaced fractures refer to the alignment of the fractured bone. In a displaced fracture, the bone snaps into two or more parts and moves so that the two ends are not lined up straight.

What are the six major classifications of fractures?

Fractures are classified by their complexity, location, and other features. Common types of fractures are transverse, oblique, spiral, comminuted, impacted, greenstick, open (or compound), and closed (or simple). Healing of fractures begins with the formation of a hematoma, followed by internal and external calli.

Do all fractures need surgery?

While a large number of fractures may heal with casting or other type of immobilization, many other fractures will require surgery. Bone fracture surgical repair is performed when a broken bone can’t heal properly with casting, splinting or bracing alone.

What is the difference between broken and fractured?

There’s no difference. A fracture is any loss of continuity of the bone. Anytime the bone loses integrity—whether it’s a hairline crack barely recognizable on an x-ray or the shattering of bone into a dozen pieces—it’s considered a fracture. A broken bone is a fractured bone and vice versa.

How do I know if my bone is fractured?

Signs of a broken bone include:Pain located directly on top of the bone – where there is no soft tissue.Pain becomes worse when you apply pressure or move the injured limb.Severe swelling, or bruising over the top of the bone, numbness or tingling.A “cracking” (not “popping”) sound at the time of the injury.More items…

What is the most common type of fracture?

7 Most Common Bone FracturesCollarbone Fracture. The collarbone, or clavicle, is one of the most frequently broken bones. … Wrist Fracture. If you fall, you’re likely to catch yourself by putting out your hands. … Ankle Fracture. … Vertebral Fracture. … Hip Fracture. … Forearm Fracture. … Shinbone Fracture.

What is the most serious type of fracture?

If the bone breaks in such a way that bone fragments stick out through the skin, or a wound penetrates down to the broken bone, the fracture is called an “open” fracture. This type of fracture is particularly serious because once the skin is broken, infection in both the wound and the bone can occur.

What are the 5 most commonly broken bones?

5 Most Frequently Broken BonesArm. Half of all the broken bones experienced by adults are in the arm. … Foot. It’s not surprising that so many bone breaks occur in the foot, since about a quarter of all the bones in your body are found in your feet. … Ankle. There’s no walking this one off — not without some agony, anyway. … Collarbone. … Wrist.

Which is the most painful fracture?

Leg bones are usually some of the strongest in the body and it takes a big impact such as a serious fall or a car accident for them to break. A fracture that occurs lower down the femur is classed as a broken leg rather than hip and is one of the most painful breaks to experience.

What type of fractures need surgery?

Bone fracture repair is used when a broken bone doesn’t or wouldn’t heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases when the bone is sticking through the skin (compound fractures) and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles.

How does a hairline fracture heal?

Medical treatments Your doctor may recommend that you use crutches to keep weight off an injured foot or leg. You can also wear protective footwear or a cast. Because it usually takes up to six to eight weeks to completely heal from a hairline fracture, it’s important to modify your activities during that time.