What Are The Symptoms Of Distal Muscular Dystrophy?

What is distal weakness?

Typically, the first symptom of distal muscular dystrophy (DD) is weakness in the distal muscles — those farthest away from the hips and shoulders such as those in the hands, feet, lower arms or lower legs.

With time, other muscle groups may become affected as well..

What is the first symptom of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy?

Facial weakness is often the first sign of FSHD. It may not be noticed right away by people with FSHD and usually is brought to their attention by somebody else. The muscles most affected are those that surround the eyes and mouth.

What type of muscular dystrophy occurs in adults over age 40?

Oculopharyngeal. Oculopharyngeal means eye and throat. This form of muscular dystrophy appears in men and women in their 40s, 50s, and 60s. It progresses slowly, causing weakness in the eye and face muscles, which may lead to difficulty swallowing.

Can you get muscular dystrophy later in life?

It can affect anyone from teenagers to adults in their 40s. Distal muscular dystrophy affects the muscles of the arms, legs, hands, and feet. It usually comes on later in life, between ages 40 and 60. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy starts in a person’s 40s or 50s.

What diseases cause high CK levels?

Increased CK may be seen with, for example:Recent crush and compression muscle injuries, trauma, burns, and electrocution.Inherited myopathies, such as muscular dystrophy.Hormonal (endocrine) disorders, such as thyroid disorders, Addison disease or Cushing disease.Strenuous exercise.Prolonged surgeries.Seizures.More items…•

At what age is muscular dystrophy diagnosed?

Muscular dystrophy is usually diagnosed in children between 3 and 6 years of age. Early signs of the illness include a delay in walking, difficulty rising from a sitting or lying position, and frequent falling, with weakness typically affecting the shoulder and pelvic muscle as one of the initial symptoms.

How is distal muscular dystrophy diagnosed?

Blood tests, for muscle enzymes such as creatine kinase. DNA blood tests, for known DD changes. Muscle biopsy, to look for the specific problem in the muscle cells. Electromyography, to measure the electrical activity of the muscles.

What parts of the body does muscular dystrophy affect?

Many individuals eventually lose the ability to walk. Some types of MD also affect the heart, gastrointestinal system, endocrine glands, spine, eyes, brain, and other organs. Respiratory and cardiac diseases may occur, and some people may develop a swallowing disorder.

Who is the oldest person with Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Tom SulfaroToledo, OH Tom Sulfaro will turn 40 this weekend. He has outlived all predictions for patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy by decades and is believed to be the oldest survivor with the disease.

What is the prognosis for patients diagnosed with distal muscular dystrophy?

The prognosis for people with MD varies according to the type and progression of the disorder. Some cases may be mild and progress very slowly over a normal lifespan, while others produce severe muscle weakness, functional disability, and loss of the ability to walk.

What are the warning signs of muscular dystrophy?

SymptomsFrequent falls.Difficulty rising from a lying or sitting position.Trouble running and jumping.Waddling gait.Walking on the toes.Large calf muscles.Muscle pain and stiffness.Learning disabilities.More items…•

What is muscle weakness a sign of?

Many people with normal muscle strength say they feel weak when the problem is fatigue or when their movement is limited because of pain or joint stiffness. Muscle weakness can be a symptom of nervous system malfunction.

What is the best treatment for muscular dystrophy?

TherapyRange-of-motion and stretching exercises. Muscular dystrophy can restrict the flexibility and mobility of joints. … Exercise. Low-impact aerobic exercise, such as walking and swimming, can help maintain strength, mobility and general health. … Braces. … Mobility aids. … Breathing assistance.

What is the difference between MS and muscular dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of genetic disorders that gradually weakens and damages the muscles. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disorder of the central nervous system that disrupts communication between the brain and body and within the brain itself.

What causes distal muscular dystrophy?

Most commonly, missing or defective proteins in the muscles prevent muscle cells from working properly, leading to symptoms of muscular dystrophy, including muscle weakness and wasting over time. The different types of DD are caused by many genetic defects, not all of which are yet known.

How do doctors test for muscle weakness?

CT scans or MRI to examine the inner structures of your body. nerve tests to assess how well your nerves are working. electromyography (EMG) to test the nerve activity in your muscles. blood tests to check for signs of infection or other conditions.

What is the lifespan of someone with muscular dystrophy?

Until recently, children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) did not often live beyond their teens. However, improvements in cardiac and respiratory care mean that life expectancy is increasing, with many DMD patients reaching their 30s, and some living into their 40s and 50s.

What is the most common neuromuscular disease?

The most common of these diseases is myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disease where the immune system produces antibodies that attach themselves to the neuromuscular junction and prevent transmission of the nerve impulse to the muscle.